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Human Resources (HR) is the department within an organization that creates and implements company policies that detail the way employees are managed. The company HR department largely functions to ensure that both the incoming talent and the current workforce work efficiently to return on the corporate investment placed in them. To do this, the HR department develops policies, creates standards, and designs strategies to be implemented throughout the organization.

Common duties under the purview of the HR management department include ensuring corporate compliance with labor laws, recruiting, interviewing, and hiring new employees, record-keeping, corporate change management, performance management, employee relations, employee payroll and benefit management, training, and employee retention. HR functions to either directly implement or supervise the implementation of these duties. The branch also works to analyze the workforce to certify that its abilities are aligned with current and future organizational goals and identify factors affecting employee performance and resourcing.

Human Resources operates under the idea that by allowing for the development of each individual employee, the organization as a whole benefits as a result. From this perspective, employees are viewed as corporate assets who gain value as they are developed. To this end, the department may offer training, vocational courses, counseling and job coaching to aid employees in improving their performance. This prepares employees, as individuals and collectively, for committing to a higher work level.

Much of an organization's resourcing strategy revolves around the process of employee recruitment. The process is necessary for securing competent employees qualified for positions at all levels. For company's relying on internal recruitment to supply a source of external talent, HR acts to support recruitment services such as identifying potential recruits, advertising job vacancies, managing resume intake and analysis, conducting initial interviews and verifying an applicant's references and qualifications.

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