Curriculum Vitae (CV) Resources

"CV" designates the resume of professionals in academic and research fields, and, in certain countries, where CVs are widely equated with resumes. Therefore, caution is advised when responding to a position that is an academic or research post, or an application for fellowships, research grants or related internships. In such instances, the briefer, broader, less formal resume will be inappropriate and insufficient.

Conversely, sending a longer, narrowly focused CV in response to a request for a general resume may irritate the recruiting entity and result in automatic rejection of your application.

Is a Curriculum Vita (CV) interchangeable with a resume? In short, though the resemblances are many, the answer is usually no. CVs and resumes are distinguished from each other in several significant respects. Perhaps the most distinct divergence of the two is in their uses. While resumes are appropriate when applying for jobs in public and private business, CVs primarily function as a recruitment tool within academic fields such as teaching and research, including in application for funding, such as post-doctoral fellowships, or for various research positions, including internships. As such, the aim of a typical CV is to create a broad and detailed summary of an applicant's academic and research history and competencies.

While there is no standard format for constructing a quality CV, there is much information that is conventionally included and generally expected by hiring managers. Bearing in mind that the goal of a CV is to give a comprehensive overview of an applicant's academic and research experiences and intellectual achievements, the format of a CV is generally designed in this way: full name and address, education, dissertation, awards and extracurricular achievements, primary areas of specialization, a detailed description of teaching and research experience, publications and professional presentations, current projects, experience in related fields, miscellaneous, and personal and professional references.

In most cases, academic and work experience not directly related to the target position should be omitted, unless requested. The miscellaneous section is not obligatory and can include information such as professional memberships, hobbies, and other unessential information. This information should be introduced only if it is pertinent to the desired position.

A comprehensive CV is most commonly required for academic jobs in the United States and Canada. In other parts of the world, such as in the United Kingdom and Western Europe, a CV is significantly briefer and sometimes not required at all. In some international areas and in the personal usage of many, "CV" is used as an equivalent of "resume" and designates a comparable general statement of work history and experience. However, whenever a CV is requested, it is best to confirm or assume that the documentation requested is a CV in the stricter sense of the term.

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