Types of Recruiting Companies
The recruiting industry has many different types of recruiting companies to help corporations find the best talent for their open positions. Called recruiting firms, recruitment agencies, staffing or temporary agencies, recruiting companies have teams of recruiters working in one or many industries to source job candidates and fill positions for their clients. These companies are generally staffed by recruiters, but they may also have other staff members like compensation analysts, human resources specialists, employment law specialists, career counselors, resume experts and technology support teams. The structure of the company depends on what type of recruiting the agency generally performs for their clients.
A staffing agency, sometimes called an employment agency, is another term for a recruiting firm, although staffing agencies may provide slightly different services for their clients. Often, staffing agencies work with a wide variety of businesses to meet their recruiting needs, including law firms, restaurants, corporations, construction firms, factories and both small and large businesses in many other industries. Usually, staffing agencies focus on entry level or middle management positions rather than high level executive positions, although they may source for those jobs as well.
A temporary agency is very much like a staffing agency, only recruiters in these agencies focus more on contract work or temporary employment. These types of recruiting companies are more likely to have a stable of candidates with a variety of skills who are available to fill temporary positions. A temporary employment agency can have workers in many different industries, or they may specialize in clerical, technical, creative or manufacturing workers. Recruiters in temporary agencies have to be able to manage the needs of several different clients as well as handle human resources tasks like payroll for employees, as most employees are paid through the temp agency and not directly by the employer.
Generalist Recruiting Companies
A generalist recruiter is someone who recruits for many different industries, so a generalist recruiting firm would find candidates for position in a wide variety of companies. While the firm itself is considered a general recruiting company, it may be staffed with recruiters who specialize in an industry or type of job. For example, a firm could have a recruiting team for technical positions, executive positions and one for manufacturing positions. A generalist firm might also have recruiters split up into industries, with one team working with industrial clients and other with healthcare clients. Some generalist firms also offer other human resources services to their clients, such as onboarding or employee retention programs.
Specialized Recruiting Firms
If there are general recruiting firms, then there must also be recruiting companies who service certain industries or fill a certain level of positions. Many of these firms will have their industry expertise in their name, calling themselves a technical recruiting firm or an executive recruiting company. Specialization allows recruiters to learn a lot about a certain industry and offer personalized services to their clients because of this understanding. For independent recruiters with a lot of experience in a certain field, a specialized recruiting company can be a great place to work.