Fishers and Related Fishing Workers

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Also known as:  Commercial Crabber, Commercial Fisher, Crab Fisher, Crabber, Fishing Boat Captain, Lobster Catcher, Seaweed Harvester, Shellfish Dredge Operator, Wild Oyster Harvester

ABOUT FISHER OR RELATED FISHING WORKER CAREERS

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT Expand
Fishing is often called the most dangerous job in the world. Commercial fishing vessels can be trawlers, like the boat shown here that pulls a large net through the water - or longliners, that string lines of hooks behind them for miles. Other vessels include - potters, or lobster boats; gillnetters ...
; purse seiners; and even hook and liners that catch their fish one at a time with fishing poles.

Fishers may go out alone for a few hours or on large boats with crews of up to ten people for days at a time. It is sometimes best to start on a small boat in order to get a feel for working with the weather and open seas and to start learning the habits of different fish stocks.

As crewmembers work their way up to mate and captain responsibilities, they learn a wide variety of skills including gear configuration and repair, engine and equipment operation and maintenance, navigation, fish sorting and processing, and marketing of the catch. Captains and owners must also have a thorough knowledge of complicated and ever-changing regulation that respond to different seasonal movements and abundance levels for different species of fish.

As fisherman and government work together to keep fish stocks at sustainable levels, limited quotas for most fisheries will be awarded to those fishers with a history of landing particular species. As the public appetite for seafood grows, those fishers who stay in the industry and help conserve the stocks will be rewarded with the right to harvest the last food source still caught in the wild.

SNAPSHOT Expand
Use nets, fishing rods, traps, or other equipment to catch and gather fish or other aquatic animals from rivers, lakes, or oceans, for human consumption or other uses. May haul game onto ship.
Leadership
HIGH
Critical decision making
HIGH
Level of responsibilities
HIGH
Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines
HIGH
Dealing and handling conflict
HIGH
Competition for this position
HIGH
Communication with others
LOW
Work closely with team members, clients etc.
HIGH
Comfort of the work setting
LOW
Exposure to extreme environmental conditions
HIGH
Exposure to job hazards
LOW
Physical demands
HIGH
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DAILY TASKS Expand
Interpret weather and vessel conditions to determine appropriate responses.
Steer vessels and operate navigational instruments.
Sort, pack, and store catch in holds with salt and ice.
Attach nets, slings, hooks, blades, and/or lifting devices to cables, booms, hoists, and/or dredges.
Return undesirable or illegal catches to the water.
Pull and guide nets, traps, and lines onto vessels, by hand or using hoisting equipment.
Compute positions and plot courses on charts to navigate vessels, using instruments such as compasses, sextants, and charts.
Remove catches from fishing equipment and measure them to ensure compliance with legal size.
Transport fish to processing plants or to buyers.
Wash decks, conveyors, knives, and other equipment, using brushes, detergents, and water.
Connect accessories such as floats, weights, flags, lights, or markers to nets, lines, or traps.
MAIN ACTIVITIES Expand
Handling and Moving Objects Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
Performing General Physical Activities Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
Controlling Machines and Processes Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
Getting Information Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE Expand
Food Production Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
Mechanical Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Transportation Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
Geography Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
Production and Processing Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Computers and Electronics Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Law and Government Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Telecommunications Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
KEY ABILITIES Expand
Multilimb Coordination The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
Reaction Time The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
Manual Dexterity The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Static Strength The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
Control Precision The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Extent Flexibility The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
Finger Dexterity The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
Arm-Hand Steadiness The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
TOP SKILLS Expand
Operation and Control Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
Speaking Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Judgment and Decision Making Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Operation Monitoring Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Equipment Maintenance Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
Complex Problem Solving Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
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