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While many day-to-day ailments can be cured with rest and fluids or a trip to the primary care doctor, when more serious illness rears its head a physician with specialized training and experience may be called for. All physicians share essential tasks, such as examining patients; taking medical histories; using tests to help make a diagnosis; and prescribing medications. They may counsel patients on healthy habits and how to keep well. Some physicians specialize in diagnosing and treating ailments in a particular organ or area of the body, a type of illness, or a mode of treatment, for example, Allergists and immunologists treat allergic diseases and those that affect the immune system. Dermatologists help patients with skin conditions. Neurologists specialize in diseases and disorders of the nervous system. Pathologists study the causes and nature of diseases. Radiologists use X-rays and radioactive materials to identify disease. Doctors of sports medicine help athletes prevent injuries, and treat those that occur during sporting events and training. Physicians and surgeons often have long, demanding workweeks. Unlike in primary care, the patients cared for by these specialists have already been referred because of their symptoms so they are often more ill, with more serious conditions. Physicians and surgeons have extensive education and training. After a bachelor's degree, physicians earn a medical degree, which typically takes 4 years to complete, and then 3 to 7 years of internship and residency programs, depending on the specialty.
|Critical decision making||
|Level of responsibilities||
|Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines||
|Dealing and handling conflict||
|Competition for this position||
|Communication with others||
|Work closely with team members, clients etc.||
|Comfort of the work setting||
|Exposure to extreme environmental conditions||
|Exposure to job hazards||
Instruct interns, residents, or others in ophthalmologic procedures and techniques.
Prescribe corrective lenses such as glasses or contact lenses.
Prescribe ophthalmologic treatments or therapies such as chemotherapy, cryotherapy, or low vision therapy.
Develop or implement plans and procedures for ophthalmologic services.
Refer patients for more specialized treatments when conditions exceed the experience, expertise, or scope of practice of practitioner.
Collaborate with multidisciplinary teams of health professionals to provide optimal patient care.
Perform laser surgeries to alter, remove, reshape, or replace ocular tissue.
Diagnose or treat injuries, disorders, or diseases of the eye and eye structures including the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, or eyelids.
Provide or direct the provision of postoperative care.
Perform ophthalmic surgeries such as cataract, glaucoma, refractive, corneal, vitro-retinal, eye muscle, or oculoplastic surgeries.
Prescribe or administer topical or systemic medications to treat ophthalmic conditions and to manage pain.
|Making Decisions and Solving Problems||Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.|
|Assisting and Caring for Others||Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.|
|Getting Information||Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Analyzing Data or Information||Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.|
|Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge||Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.|
|Processing Information||Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.|
|Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events||Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.|
|Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others||Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.|
|Medicine and Dentistry||Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.|
|English Language||Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Biology||Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.|
|Education and Training||Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.|
|Customer and Personal Service||Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.|
|Therapy and Counseling||Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.|
|Mathematics||Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
|Psychology||Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.|
|Critical Thinking||Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Active Listening||Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Reading Comprehension||Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|Speaking||Talking to others to convey information effectively.|
|Coordination||Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.|
|Judgment and Decision Making||Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.|
|Social Perceptiveness||Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.|
|Monitoring||Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.|