This occupation has now been updated to Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
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Also known as:
Fire Sprinkler Installer, Gas Main Fitter, Gas Plumber, Hydraulic Plumber, Industrial Gas Fitter, Marine Pipefitter, Marine Steamfitter, Master Plumber, Pipe Fitter, Plumber
The term plumber comes from the Latin word for lead, the material used for joints and pipes for centuries. Modern plumbers no longer use lead, but they still spend much of their time assembling, installing, and repairing pipes for systems that carry everything from water and steam to oil and gas.
Plumbers can be found at construction sites and in residential and commercial buildings, where a great deal of the work involves cutting, bending, threading, and joining pipes and fittings. But many are also employed by refineries, chemical plants, and public utilities, all of which rely on plumbers to keep things flowing smoothly.
If you want to become a plumber, you need to be mechanically inclined. You'll also need training to prepare for the licensing test that many states require. This may involve a formal four-year apprenticeship that includes classroom instruction; or on-the-job programs, lasting five years or more. It may also be possible to get the necessary training through The Armed Forces.
There is always a demand for licensed plumbers, since opportunities can range from becoming an employee of a large company to starting your own business as a plumbing contractor.
|Critical decision making|| |
|Level of responsibilities|| |
|Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines|| |
|Dealing and handling conflict|| |
|Competition for this position|| |
|Communication with others|| |
|Work closely with team members, clients etc.|| |
|Comfort of the work setting|| |
|Exposure to extreme environmental conditions|| |
|Exposure to job hazards|| |
|Physical demands|| |
Perform complex calculations and planning for special or very large jobs.
Review blueprints, building codes, or specifications to determine work details or procedures.
Clear away debris in a renovation.
Anchor steel supports from ceiling joists to hold pipes in place.
Maintain or repair plumbing by replacing defective washers, replacing or mending broken pipes, or opening clogged drains.
Keep records of assignments and produce detailed work reports.
Study building plans and inspect structures to assess material and equipment needs, to establish the sequence of pipe installations, and to plan installation around obstructions such as electrical wiring.
Locate and mark the position of pipe installations, connections, passage holes, or fixtures in structures, using measuring instruments such as rulers or levels.
Install underground storm, sanitary, or water piping systems, extending piping as needed to connect fixtures and plumbing.
Fill pipes or plumbing fixtures with water or air and observe pressure gauges to detect and locate leaks.
Direct helpers engaged in pipe cutting, preassembly, or installation of plumbing systems or components.
|Getting Information||Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Handling and Moving Objects||Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.|
|Making Decisions and Solving Problems||Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.|
|Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge||Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.|
|Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work||Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.|
|Performing General Physical Activities||Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.|
|Controlling Machines and Processes||Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).|
|Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment||Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.|
|Building and Construction||Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.|
|Mechanical||Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.|
|Mathematics||Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
|Design||Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.|
|Customer and Personal Service||Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.|
|English Language||Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Physics||Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.|
|Administration and Management||Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.|
|Arm-Hand Steadiness||The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.|
|Finger Dexterity||The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.|
|Problem Sensitivity||The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.|
|Control Precision||The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.|
|Multilimb Coordination||The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.|
|Deductive Reasoning||The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.|
|Extent Flexibility||The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.|
|Near Vision||The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).|
|Critical Thinking||Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Active Listening||Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Reading Comprehension||Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|Complex Problem Solving||Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.|
|Monitoring||Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.|
|Quality Control Analysis||Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.|
|Judgment and Decision Making||Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.|
|Speaking||Talking to others to convey information effectively.|