Brickmasons and Blockmasons
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Also known as:
Adobe Layer, Block Layer, Blockmason, Brick Chimney Builder, Brick Setter, Bricklayer, Brickmason, Brickmason Apprentice, Firebrick Layer, Furnace Mason
Masons, or "stonemasons" as they are sometimes called, work with marble, granite, limestone, and other materials to build walls, walkways, and arches, and to lay stone floors.
Using special tools such as hammers and chisels and water-cooled saws with diamond toothed blades, masons cut and shape their materials. They must also be able to use irregularly shaped rocks and turn them into a uniform structure - like a wall or floor. This takes skill and experience.
Informal, on-the-job training may be available to those serving as mason "helpers," but the best way to enter this profession is through a formal, three-year apprenticeship program, which includes both classroom and on-the-job training sponsored by local contractors or a union-management committee.
The work isn't easy. Like most of the building trades, masons must be able to do heavy lifting, and much of the work is outdoors in all kinds of weather. But it can be very satisfying. After all, a qualified mason is a master of stone - the oldest building material on earth.
|Critical decision making|| |
|Level of responsibilities|| |
|Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines|| |
|Dealing and handling conflict|| |
|Competition for this position|| |
|Communication with others|| |
|Work closely with team members, clients etc.|| |
|Comfort of the work setting|| |
|Exposure to extreme environmental conditions|| |
|Exposure to job hazards|| |
|Physical demands|| |
Mix specified amounts of sand, clay, dirt, or mortar powder with water to form refractory mixtures.
Interpret blueprints and drawings to determine specifications and to calculate the materials required.
Fasten or fuse brick or other building material to structure with wire clamps, anchor holes, torch, or cement.
Apply and smooth mortar or other mixture over work surface.
Clean working surface to remove scale, dust, soot, or chips of brick and mortar, using broom, wire brush, or scraper.
Examine brickwork or structure to determine need for repair.
Remove burned or damaged brick or mortar, using sledgehammer, crowbar, chipping gun, or chisel.
Construct corners by fastening in plumb position a corner pole or building a corner pyramid of bricks, and filling in between the corners using a line from corner to corner to guide each course, or layer, of brick.
Break or cut bricks, tiles, or blocks to size, using trowel edge, hammer, or power saw.
Measure distance from reference points and mark guidelines to lay out work, using plumb bobs and levels.
Remove excess mortar with trowels and hand tools, and finish mortar joints with jointing tools, for a sealed, uniform appearance.
|Handling and Moving Objects||Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.|
|Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material||Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.|
|Getting Information||Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings||Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.|
|Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates||Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.|
|Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events||Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.|
|Scheduling Work and Activities||Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.|
|Performing General Physical Activities||Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.|
|Building and Construction||Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.|
|Mathematics||Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
|English Language||Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Public Safety and Security||Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.|
|Production and Processing||Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.|
|Design||Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.|
|Administration and Management||Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.|
|Mechanical||Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.|
|Coordination||Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.|
|Critical Thinking||Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Monitoring||Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.|
|Time Management||Managing one's own time and the time of others.|
|Speaking||Talking to others to convey information effectively.|
|Quality Control Analysis||Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.|
|Active Listening||Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Operation Monitoring||Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.|