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Database administrators and architects are experts in organizing and storing data so users can access the information they need, while keeping out unauthorized users. These IT professionals play a vital role in many industries that obtain and store sensitive, private data. Database administrators oversee the development of new databases, by identifying the purpose for the database and determining its users and their needs. Database architects design and build large databases. They set standards for operations, programming, and security of the databases to ensure they perform as intended. Since many users rely on databases to accomplish their daily work, database professionals regularly backup systems to prevent data loss, and establish standards and procedures to ensure the integrity of data that enters the system. They monitor usage trends to ensure sufficient space, and, when issues occur, they find and fix sometimes deeply complex problems. Most database professionals work in computer systems design, data hosting, and data processing companies. There are also positions at insurance companies, banks and retailers, education services, and healthcare organizations. Almost all work full time, and most frequently work more than 40 hours per week. Database administrators and database architects usually have a bachelor's degree in a computer-related field, though some positions require a master's degree.
|Critical decision making||
|Level of responsibilities||
|Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines||
|Dealing and handling conflict||
|Competition for this position||
|Communication with others||
|Work closely with team members, clients etc.||
|Comfort of the work setting||
|Exposure to extreme environmental conditions||
|Exposure to job hazards||
Plan and install upgrades of database management system software to enhance database performance.
Develop load-balancing processes to eliminate down time for backup processes.
Identify, evaluate and recommend hardware or software technologies to achieve desired database performance.
Set up database clusters, backup, or recovery processes.
Demonstrate database technical functionality, such as performance, security and reliability.
Identify and correct deviations from database development standards.
Create and enforce database development standards.
Document and communicate database schemas, using accepted notations.
Develop and document database architectures.
Provide technical support to junior staff or clients.
Develop data models for applications, metadata tables, views or related database structures.
|Interacting With Computers||Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.|
|Getting Information||Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Analyzing Data or Information||Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.|
|Making Decisions and Solving Problems||Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.|
|Processing Information||Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.|
|Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge||Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.|
|Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates||Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.|
|Provide Consultation and Advice to Others||Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.|
|Computers and Electronics||Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.|
|English Language||Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Design||Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.|
|Mathematics||Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
|Engineering and Technology||Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.|
|Education and Training||Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.|
|Administration and Management||Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.|
|Telecommunications||Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.|
|Critical Thinking||Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Reading Comprehension||Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|Judgment and Decision Making||Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.|
|Systems Analysis||Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.|
|Complex Problem Solving||Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.|
|Active Listening||Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Speaking||Talking to others to convey information effectively.|
|Writing||Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.|