Information Technology Careers

Information Technology Careers IT (Information Technoogy) workers are a major part of the economy and allow many other workers to complete their daily tasks and routines. IT workers provide support to all major industries that use computers. These industries, for example manufacturing and design, rely on IT professionals to set up the infrastructure that allows them to do their work. As one example, the vast majority of product design is now done on computers and then produced by machine. This rapid fabrication would not be possible without IT workers. IT enables the daily processing of every task; be it office work or manufacturing.

Careers in Information Technology involve the support and installation of communications and information infrastructure. Workers in the IT industry can include software programmers, technical support, computer help desk support, network administrator and many more.

Business Intelligence Analysts

Produce financial and market intelligence by querying data repositories and generating periodic reports. Devise methods for identifying data patterns and trends in available information sources.

Computer and Information Research Scientists

Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.
Most have a master's degree

Computer Network Architects

Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and...

Computer Network Support Specialists

Analyze, test, troubleshoot, and evaluate existing network systems, such as local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), and Internet systems or a segment of a network system. Perform network maintenance to ensure...

Computer Programmers

Create, modify, and test the code, forms, and script that allow computer applications to run. Work from specifications drawn up by software developers or other individuals. May assist software developers by analyzing...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Computer Systems Analysts

Analyze science, engineering, business, and other data processing problems to implement and improve computer systems. Analyze user requirements, procedures, and problems to automate or improve existing systems and...
Most have an associate's or 2-year degree

Computer Systems Engineers/Architects

Design and develop solutions to complex applications problems, system administration issues, or network concerns. Perform systems management and integration functions.
Most have a bachelor's degree

Computer User Support Specialists

Provide technical assistance to computer users. Answer questions or resolve computer problems for clients in person, or via telephone or electronically. May provide assistance concerning the use of computer hardware and...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Data Warehousing Specialists

Design, model, or implement corporate data warehousing activities. Program and configure warehouses of database information and provide support to warehouse users.

Database Administrators

Administer, test, and implement computer databases, applying knowledge of database management systems. Coordinate changes to computer databases. May plan, coordinate, and implement security measures to safeguard...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Database Architects

Design strategies for enterprise database systems and set standards for operations, programming, and security. Design and construct large relational databases. Integrate new systems with existing warehouse structure and...

Document Management Specialists

Implement and administer enterprise-wide document management systems and related procedures that allow organizations to capture, store, retrieve, share, and destroy electronic records and documents.

Geographic Information Systems Technicians

Assist scientists, technologists, or related professionals in building, maintaining, modifying, or using geographic information systems (GIS) databases. May also perform some custom application development or provide...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists

Research or develop geospatial technologies. May produce databases, perform applications programming, or coordinate projects. May specialize in areas such as agriculture, mining, health care, retail trade, urban...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Informatics Nurse Specialists

Apply knowledge of nursing and informatics to assist in the design, development, and ongoing modification of computerized health care systems. May educate staff and assist in problem solving to promote the...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Information Security Analysts

Plan, implement, upgrade, or monitor security measures for the protection of computer networks and information. May ensure appropriate security controls are in place that will safeguard digital files and vital...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Information Technology Project Managers

Plan, initiate, and manage information technology (IT) projects. Lead and guide the work of technical staff. Serve as liaison between business and technical aspects of projects. Plan project stages and assess business...

Network and Computer Systems Administrators

Install, configure, and support an organization's local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), and Internet systems or a segment of a network system. Monitor network to ensure network availability to all system...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Search Marketing Strategists

Employ search marketing tactics to increase visibility and engagement with content, products, or services in Internet-enabled devices or interfaces. Examine search query behaviors on general or specialty search engines...

Software Developers, Applications

Develop, create, and modify general computer applications software or specialized utility programs. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions. Design software or customize software for client use with the aim of...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Software Developers, Systems Software

Research, design, develop, and test operating systems-level software, compilers, and network distribution software for medical, industrial, military, communications, aerospace, business, scientific, and general...
Most have a bachelor's degree

Software Quality Assurance Engineers and Testers

Develop and execute software test plans in order to identify software problems and their causes.
Most have a bachelor's degree

Telecommunications Engineering Specialists

Design or configure voice, video, and data communications systems. Supervise installation and post-installation service and maintenance.

Video Game Designers

Design core features of video games. Specify innovative game and role-play mechanics, story lines, and character biographies. Create and maintain design documentation. Guide and collaborate with production staff to...

Web Administrators

Manage web environment design, deployment, development and maintenance activities. Perform testing and quality assurance of web sites and web applications.
Most have a bachelor's degree

Web Developers

Design, create, and modify Web sites. Analyze user needs to implement Web site content, graphics, performance, and capacity. May integrate Web sites with other computer applications. May convert written, graphic, audio,...
Most have a bachelor's degree
Job growth in information technology has been consistently stronger than any other profession. Developments such as outsoucing have been offset by advancements in technology and demand for increased productivity. Job growth should continue to be very strong on a global level. In the past decade, we have witnessed the broad transformation of our society into the "Information Age," which means the reliance on information and the transmission of that information to be our primary economic value and product. IT workers have built, supported, and innovated systems that enable the information economy.

Jobs in computer science, programming, and Information Technology usually require advanced and specialized degrees. The typical educational background for an IT worker is a degree in Computer Science or Mathematics with an emphasis on computing. Although some certificate programs are available in IT, strong acadmic work through college level is usually required.
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