Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors

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Also known as:  Career Counselor, Career Technical Counselor, Education Counselor, International Student Counselor, School Adjustment Counselor, School Guidance Counselor, Student Advisor, Student Development Advisor, Student Services Counselor, Student Success Counselor

ABOUT EDUCATIONAL, GUIDANCE, SCHOOL, OR VOCATIONAL COUNSELOR CAREERS

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT Expand
Counselors use their training, experience, and common sense to help people cope with personal, family, and mental health problems. They also help students make wise career decisions. Some 60% of counselors have a master's degree, and most specialize in a particular area.

Rehabilitation couns ...
elors help those who are disabled find jobs or increase their ability to live independently. Mental health counselors help people deal with addictions and substance abuse, suicide, stress management, and family, parenting, and marital problems.

For anyone exploring employment possibilities, school and college counselors help students learn about the jobs that are available, the required training, and how to apply to the appropriate school and get financial aid. Consider a career as a counselor if you have a strong interest in helping others and the ability to communicate what you know.
SNAPSHOT Expand
Counsel individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance services.
Leadership
HIGH
Critical decision making
MED
Level of responsibilities
LOW
Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines
MED
Dealing and handling conflict
HIGH
Competition for this position
LOW
Communication with others
HIGH
Work closely with team members, clients etc.
HIGH
Comfort of the work setting
HIGH
Exposure to extreme environmental conditions
LOW
Exposure to job hazards
LOW
Physical demands
LOW
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DAILY TASKS Expand
Address community groups, faculty, and staff members to explain available counseling services.
Plan and promote career and employment-related programs and events, such as career planning presentations, work-experience programs, job fairs, and career workshops.
Teach classes and present self-help or information sessions on subjects related to education and career planning.
Prepare students for later educational experiences by encouraging them to explore learning opportunities and to persevere with challenging tasks.
Identify cases of domestic abuse or other family problems and encourage students or parents to seek additional assistance from mental health professionals.
Establish and enforce administration policies and rules governing student behavior.
Collaborate with teachers and administrators in the development, evaluation, and revision of school programs and in the preparation of master schedules for curriculum offerings.
Instruct individuals in career development techniques such as job search and application strategies, resume writing, and interview skills.
Plan and conduct orientation programs and group conferences to promote the adjustment of individuals to new life experiences such as starting college.
Provide crisis intervention to students when difficult situations occur at schools.
Attend meetings, educational conferences, and training workshops and serve on committees.
MAIN ACTIVITIES Expand
Assisting and Caring for Others Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Making Decisions and Solving Problems Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Getting Information Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE Expand
Psychology Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Therapy and Counseling Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
English Language Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Education and Training Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Customer and Personal Service Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Sociology and Anthropology Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Clerical Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Administration and Management Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
KEY ABILITIES Expand
Oral Expression The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Written Comprehension The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Oral Comprehension The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Expression The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Problem Sensitivity The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Deductive Reasoning The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Speech Clarity The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Inductive Reasoning The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
TOP SKILLS Expand
Speaking Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Social Perceptiveness Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Writing Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Judgment and Decision Making Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Active Learning Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
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