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While many day-to-day ailments can be cured with rest and fluids or a trip to the primary care doctor, when more serious illness rears its head a physician with specialized training and experience may be called for. All physicians share essential tasks, such as examining patients; taking medical histories; using tests to help make a diagnosis; and prescribing medications. They may counsel patients on healthy habits and how to keep well. Some physicians specialize in diagnosing and treating ailments in a particular organ or area of the body, a type of illness, or a mode of treatment, for example, Allergists and immunologists treat allergic diseases and those that affect the immune system. Dermatologists help patients with skin conditions. Neurologists specialize in diseases and disorders of the nervous system. Pathologists study the causes and nature of diseases. Radiologists use X-rays and radioactive materials to identify disease. Doctors of sports medicine help athletes prevent injuries, and treat those that occur during sporting events and training. Physicians and surgeons often have long, demanding workweeks. Unlike in primary care, the patients cared for by these specialists have already been referred because of their symptoms so they are often more ill, with more serious conditions. Physicians and surgeons have extensive education and training. After a bachelor's degree, physicians earn a medical degree, which typically takes 4 years to complete, and then 3 to 7 years of internship and residency programs, depending on the specialty.
|Critical decision making||
|Level of responsibilities||
|Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines||
|Dealing and handling conflict||
|Competition for this position||
|Communication with others||
|Work closely with team members, clients etc.||
|Comfort of the work setting||
|Exposure to extreme environmental conditions||
|Exposure to job hazards||
Train or supervise medical students, residents, or other health professionals.
Direct, coordinate, or supervise the patient care activities of nursing or support staff.
Write patient discharge summaries and send them to primary care physicians.
Conduct discharge planning and discharge patients.
Prescribe medications or treatment regimens to hospital inpatients.
Diagnose, treat, or provide continuous care to hospital inpatients.
Order or interpret the results of tests such as laboratory tests and radiographs (x-rays).
Admit patients for hospital stays.
Attend inpatient consultations in areas of specialty.
Communicate with patients' primary care physicians upon admission, when treatment plans change, or at discharge to maintain continuity and quality of care.
Refer patients to medical specialists, social services, or other professionals as appropriate.
|Assisting and Caring for Others||Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.|
|Getting Information||Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Making Decisions and Solving Problems||Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.|
|Documenting/Recording Information||Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.|
|Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships||Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.|
|Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events||Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.|
|Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings||Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.|
|Provide Consultation and Advice to Others||Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.|
|Medicine and Dentistry||Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.|
|Biology||Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.|
|English Language||Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Psychology||Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.|
|Customer and Personal Service||Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.|
|Therapy and Counseling||Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.|
|Chemistry||Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.|
|Computers and Electronics||Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.|
|Social Perceptiveness||Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.|
|Service Orientation||Actively looking for ways to help people.|
|Critical Thinking||Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Active Listening||Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Complex Problem Solving||Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.|
|Speaking||Talking to others to convey information effectively.|
|Reading Comprehension||Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|Active Learning||Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.|