Obstetricians and Gynecologists

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Also known as:
Gynecologist, Medical Doctor (MD), OB/GYN (Obstetrician / Gynecologist), OB/GYN Physician (Obstetrics and Gynecology Physician), OBGYN MD (Obstetrics Gynecology Medical Doctor), Obstetrician/Gynecologist (OB/GYN), Obstetrics Gynecology Physician (OB/GYN Physician), Physician, Physician Gynecologist

Video transcript

Doctors who specialize in medical care related to a woman's reproductive system are called OB/GYNs, short for obstetricians and gynecologists. While OB/GYNs may provide both types of care, obstetricians focus on pregnancy and delivery, and gynecologists specialize in diagnosing and treating issues related to women's reproductive health. OB/GYNs care for women during pregnancy, giving advice and performing tests such as ultrasounds and fetal heart rate monitoring to check on the health of the developing fetus and the mother. Obstetricians perform the delivery, and if necessary perform a surgical caesarean section. Since every birth is different and changes happen quickly, critical thinking and the ability to handle stressful conditions are important. OB/GYNs also care for women at all stages of life. They diagnose and treat conditions related to the reproductive system, such as performing screening exams, offering birth control counseling, and preventing infections. Most OB/GYNs perform surgery, and often consult with other healthcare professionals. OB/GYNS work in outpatient clinics and hospitals. They may specialize in an area such as infertility, cancer, or high-risk pregnancy. Work schedules are often more than 40 hours per week, along with emergency deliveries that occur at any hour. Education requirements include completing medical school, followed by 4 years of residency training. Specialists spend an additional 1-4 years in training.

Provide medical care related to pregnancy or childbirth. Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, particularly those affecting the reproductive system. May also provide general care to women. May perform both medical and gynecological surgery functions.
Critical decision making
Level of responsibilities
Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines
Dealing and handling conflict
Competition for this position
Communication with others
Work closely with team members, clients etc.
Comfort of the work setting
Exposure to extreme environmental conditions
Exposure to job hazards
Physical demands
Daily tasks

Plan, implement, or administer health programs in hospitals, businesses, or communities for prevention and treatment of injuries or illnesses.

Advise patients and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention.

Treat diseases of female organs.

Analyze records, reports, test results, or examination information to diagnose medical condition of patient.

Consult with or provide consulting services to other physicians.

Monitor patients' conditions and progress and reevaluate treatments as necessary.

Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical histories, reports, or examination results.

Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff.

Care for and treat women during prenatal, natal, and postnatal periods.

Perform cesarean sections or other surgical procedures as needed to preserve patients' health and deliver babies safely.

Explain procedures and discuss test results or prescribed treatments with patients.

Assisting and Caring for Others Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
Making Decisions and Solving Problems Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
Getting Information Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
Medicine and Dentistry Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
English Language Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Biology Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Customer and Personal Service Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Psychology Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Therapy and Counseling Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
Education and Training Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Administration and Management Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Speaking Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Science Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Writing Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Active Learning Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Complex Problem Solving Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.