Speech-Language Pathologists

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Also known as:  Language Pathologist, Public School Speech Clinician, Public School Speech Therapist, Speech and Language Specialist, Speech Clinician, Speech Pathologist, Speech Therapist

ABOUT SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIST CAREERS

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT Expand
Speech-language pathologist and audiologist are two different yet closely related professions. Speech-language pathologists work with people who are unable to make speech sounds, who stutter, or who simply cannot understand the spoken language. Causes for such disabilities include strokes, brain inj ...
uries, and mental retardation. Audiologists, on the other hand, help people with hearing problems.

Often they use "audiometers" to test children in elementary schools. When problems are found, these specialists work with other professionals to develop a course of treatment, which may include fitting a hearing aid, teaching lip reading, or simply making sure that the ear canal is not blocked.

Although these are two distinct professions, speech-language pathologists and audiologists must be familiar with both speech and hearing, since both fields are related to one another. They also often share similar personal characteristics as well.

Since individuals who have difficulty hearing or trouble speaking can feel frustrated and cut off, both speech pathologists and audiologists must be able to deal with that frustration and resentment. And both specialists must be able to encourage their patients to do their best.

This work can be demanding, but it can also offer incredible rewards. Few things are more satisfying than seeing the light in the eyes of a child who can suddenly hear for the first time. This is one of the savored moments of speech-language pathologists and audiologists.
SNAPSHOT Expand
Assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. May perform research related to speech and language problems.
Leadership
HIGH
Critical decision making
HIGH
Level of responsibilities
LOW
Job challenge and pressure to meet deadlines
HIGH
Dealing and handling conflict
LOW
Competition for this position
LOW
Communication with others
HIGH
Work closely with team members, clients etc.
HIGH
Comfort of the work setting
HIGH
Exposure to extreme environmental conditions
LOW
Exposure to job hazards
LOW
Physical demands
LOW
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DAILY TASKS Expand
Conduct lessons or direct educational or therapeutic games to assist teachers dealing with speech problems.
Consult with and refer clients to additional medical or educational services.
Use computer applications to identify or assist with communication disabilities.
Teach clients to control or strengthen tongue, jaw, face muscles, or breathing mechanisms.
Develop speech exercise programs to reduce disabilities.
Participate in and write reports for meetings regarding patients' progress, such as individualized educational planning (IEP) meetings, in-service meetings, or intervention assistance team meetings.
Participate in conferences, training, continuing education courses, or publish research results to share knowledge of new hearing or speech disorder treatment methods or technologies.
Supervise or collaborate with therapy team.
Design, develop, or employ alternative diagnostic or communication devices or strategies.
Develop individual or group activities or programs in schools to deal with behavior, speech, language, or swallowing problems.
Consult with and advise educators or medical staff on speech or hearing topics, such as communication strategies or speech and language stimulation.
MAIN ACTIVITIES Expand
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Making Decisions and Solving Problems Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
Thinking Creatively Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
Getting Information Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE Expand
English Language Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Therapy and Counseling Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
Education and Training Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Customer and Personal Service Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Psychology Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Clerical Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Sociology and Anthropology Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Medicine and Dentistry Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
KEY ABILITIES Expand
Speech Recognition The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Speech Clarity The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Oral Comprehension The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Oral Expression The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Deductive Reasoning The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Hearing Sensitivity The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
Written Comprehension The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Problem Sensitivity The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
TOP SKILLS Expand
Social Perceptiveness Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Speaking Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Monitoring Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Complex Problem Solving Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Judgment and Decision Making Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
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