Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security Careers

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Law, public safety and security careers have many things in common. All of these careers are designed to uphold the law and protect people. Although careers in law vary on the surface from jobs in public safety or security, they share primary responsibilities. As an entire career group, this sector has experienced rapid growth and importance in accordance with demand for security and legal services.

Jobs in the legal sector include lawyers, paralegals, legal staff, judges, court professionals, and any legal consultant or related profession. Security jobs include all jobs in public safety, including the police and jobs involved in the correctional and prison system. Additionally, careers in the private security field are included. Jobs at the national level, including homeland security, are also in the law and public safety career group.

Conduct hearings to recommend or make decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters. Determine liability, sanctions, or penalties, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of...

Handle animals for the purpose of investigations of mistreatment, or control of abandoned, dangerous, or unattended animals.

Facilitate negotiation and conflict resolution through dialogue. Resolve conflicts outside of the court system by mutual consent of parties involved.

Maintain order in courts of law.

Develop, maintain, or implement business continuity and disaster recovery strategies and solutions, including risk assessments, business impact analyses, strategy selection, and documentation of business continuity and...

Guard inmates in penal or rehabilitative institutions in accordance with established regulations and procedures. May guard prisoners in transit between jail, courtroom, prison, or other point. Includes deputy sheriffs...

Use verbatim methods and equipment to capture, store, retrieve, and transcribe pretrial and trial proceedings or other information. Includes stenocaptioners who operate computerized stenographic captioning equipment to...

Investigate alleged or suspected criminal violations of Federal, state, or local laws to determine if evidence is sufficient to recommend prosecution.

Teach courses in criminal justice, corrections, and law enforcement administration. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

Guide or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic at such places as streets, schools, railroad crossings, or construction sites.

Investigate and inspect persons, common carriers, goods, and merchandise, arriving in or departing from the United States or between states to detect violations of immigration and customs laws and regulations.

Conduct investigations on computer-based crimes establishing documentary or physical evidence, such as digital media and logs associated with cyber intrusion incidents. Analyze digital evidence and investigate computer...

Assess injuries and illnesses and administer basic emergency medical care. May transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

Inspect buildings and equipment to detect fire hazards and enforce state and local regulations.

Inspect buildings to detect fire hazards and enforce local ordinances and state laws, or investigate and gather facts to determine cause of fires and explosions.

Conduct investigations to determine causes of fires and explosions.

Control and extinguish fires or respond to emergency situations where life, property, or the environment is at risk. Duties may include fire prevention, emergency medical service, hazardous material response, search and...

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of correctional officers and jailers.

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in firefighting and fire prevention and control.

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of members of police force.

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of security workers and security guards.

Collect, identify, classify, and analyze physical evidence related to criminal investigations. Perform tests on weapons or substances, such as fiber, hair, and tissue to determine significance to investigation. May...

Supervise fire fighters who control and suppress fires in forests or vacant public land.

Enforce fire regulations, inspect forest for fire hazards, and recommend forest fire prevention or control measures. May report forest fires and weather conditions.

Control and suppress fires in forests or vacant public land.

Observe gambling operation for irregular activities such as cheating or theft by either employees or patrons. Investigate potential threats to gambling assets such as money, chips, and gambling equipment. Act as...

Investigate and inspect persons, common carriers, goods, and merchandise, arriving in or departing from the United States or between states to detect violations of immigration and customs laws and regulations.

Gather, analyze, or evaluate information from a variety of sources, such as law enforcement databases, surveillance, intelligence networks or geographic information systems. Use intelligence data to anticipate and...

Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes or sentencing guidelines. May determine liability of defendant in civil...

Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, or manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many...

Monitor recreational areas, such as pools, beaches, or ski slopes, to provide assistance and protection to participants.

Plan and direct policies, procedures, or systems to prevent the loss of assets. Determine risk exposure or potential liability, and develop risk control measures.

Supervise fire fighters who control and extinguish municipal fires, protect life and property, and conduct rescue efforts.

Control and extinguish municipal fires, protect life and property and conduct rescue efforts.

Assist lawyers by investigating facts, preparing legal documents, or researching legal precedent. Conduct research to support a legal proceeding, to formulate a defense, or to initiate legal action.

Administer basic or advanced emergency medical care and assess injuries and illnesses. May administer medication intravenously, use equipment such as EKGs, or administer advanced life support to sick or injured...

Patrol assigned area, such as public parking lot or city streets to issue tickets to overtime parking violators and illegally parked vehicles.

Maintain order and protect life and property by enforcing local, tribal, State, or Federal laws and ordinances. Perform a combination of the following duties: patrol a specific area; direct traffic; issue traffic...

Conduct investigations to prevent crimes or solve criminal cases.

Collect evidence at crime scene, classify and identify fingerprints, and photograph evidence for use in criminal and civil cases.

Patrol assigned area to enforce laws and ordinances, regulate traffic, control crowds, prevent crime, and arrest violators.

Gather, analyze, compile, and report information regarding individuals or organizations to clients, or detect occurrences of unlawful acts or infractions of rules in private establishment.

Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender,...

Operate telephone, radio, or other communication systems to receive and communicate requests for emergency assistance at 9-1-1 public safety answering points and emergency operations centers. Take information from the...

Implement procedures and systems to prevent merchandise loss. Conduct audits and investigations of employee activity. May assist in developing policies, procedures, and systems for safeguarding assets.

Maintain order among students on a school bus. Duties include helping students safely board and exit and communicating behavioral problems. May perform pretrip and posttrip inspections and prepare for and assist in...

Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence, or infractions of rules. May operate x-ray and metal detector equipment.

Conduct security assessments for organizations, and design security systems and processes. May specialize in areas such as physical security, personnel security, and information security. May work in fields such as...

Enforce law and order in rural or unincorporated districts or serve legal processes of courts. May patrol courthouse, guard court or grand jury, or escort defendants.

Protect and police railroad and transit property, employees, or passengers.

An increasingly litigious and complex society has fueled rapid growth in the legal profession. As a result, lawyers and related legal professions are very well compensated relative to average, and enjoy robust demand for services. This is unlikely to change due to increasingly complex regulatory and financial environments; however, a high number of new lawyers entering the profession are expected over the next decade, which could slightly depress either job stability or earning potential. Jobs in public safety, corrections, and security have also enjoyed both growth and demand. Crime, societal problems, and an expanding population will continue to contribute to job growth. Additionally, jobs in homeland security and other public safety related positions such as airport screeners, have been created due to International tensions, terrorism, and war.

Legal careers tend to require both strong undergraduate performance and additional education, notably the Juris Doctorate to become a lawyer. Jobs in public safety may require undergraduate degrees or specialized training in Criminal Justice. Other positions require High School graduation and the completion of public sector exams.